In 2003, according to a poll of the Ukrainians, 8 % of respondents said that corruption in Ukraine was a normal phenomenon, which corresponded to the national-cultural traditions [Nevmerzhitsky, 2008]. In 2014, the real situation was described to the Master level students of the Faculty of Law of Kyiv University of Tourism, Economics and Law. On 18 June, 2014 in broad daylight, in the city center a seventeen year old daughter of a lecturer of the university was knocked down on a pedestrian crossing by a bus in front of dozens of witnesses. The girl with serious injuries was taken to hospital, as that was confirmed by medical reports. However, the lawyer who was dealing with this case said that the investigator Andrei Senchenko had been given a bribe from the owner of the bus fleet in the amount of $ 3.000, so he refused to initiate criminal proceedings against the driver of the bus. After telling that situation 52 students as future lawyers, a question was asked: “How would they act in that situation: they refused to take a bribe and forced the driver to carry a criminal sanction or took $ 3.000 and hushed up the case?” All 52 students answered that they would choose the money.
The author realizes that to explain the mass corrupt mentality of the Ukrainians by 2014, it was necessary to explore the whole range of factors: political, economic, legal, organizational, managerial, social, psychological, and others. The author also takes into account a certain influence of cultural and historical assumptions, which modern researchers of corruption in Ukraine discover in the history of the Russian Federation in the sphere of interests of which Ukraine was developing (e.g. researches of Mykola Melnyk [Melnyk, 2004] and Eugene Nevmerzhitsky [Nevmerzhitsky, 2008]). However, the author believes that in 1990, Ukraine received a unique opportunity – to establish itself as a separate and independent locus of civilization. And why, during 24 years of independence, Ukraine did not do anything – it is a direct fault of five presidents of Ukraine and a number of leading Ukrainian politicians. By the laws of Ukraine, very few people had the exclusive right to determine the internal and foreign policy, which was an integral part of anti-corruption policy and ensured its implementation.
The author realizes that Ukrainian politicians it is a mirror of the Ukrainian society; they are being formed and supported by the society. However, for the recovering society it is important to remember who has brought this disease to it, and what happened during its unconsciousness, after the final recovery to ask the guilty. The society must receive, what was stolen from it during its unconsciousness. The thief, no matter who he is – the president, a top-ranking official or an ordinary citizen, should be punished and return a master back a hundredfold.
From the monograph: “Corruption in Ukraine: Rulers’ Mentality and the Destiny of the Nation. Geophilosophy of Ukraine.”